Skin lightening treatment aims at reducing the excessive melanin content in your skin. Since accumulation of melanin is responsible for your dark spots, uneven tone etc. a reduction in it gives you a lighter complexion. A skin lightening procedure can help treat melasma, sun damage, freckles and other types of marks.
Skin lightening procedures include the prescription of melanin reducing agents, in the form of topical formulations as well as procedural treatments to clear excess melanin in the skin. Topical agents work by reducing the production of tyrosinase enzyme, which is instrumental for the melanin production.
Skin Lightening Treatment Options are as follows :
Different kinds of treatments can be done to achieve skin lightening. According to your needs, you can go with a skin lightening procedure on a specified body part or a face lightening treatment. While laser treatment is used for both face and certain body parts brightening treatment, chemical peels are mostly performed for a facial skin lightening procedure.To know more about the Facial Rejuvenation check Kokoliko
Some of the most common skin lightening treatments are as follows –
Chemical Peeling –
In this procedure, a solution containing alpha hydroxy acids from natural extracts is applied to remove the damaged outer layer of the skin, which has accumulated melanin allowing the healthier lower layers to appear on the surface. On the basis of the concentration, chemical peels can be of three types – light, medium, or deep. A chemical peel is a gentle option to lighten discoloured skin by effectively reducing facial blemishes, tan, dark spots and even out the skin tone.
Laser Skin Whitening –
In laser treatment, the concerned skin is exposed to a concentrated beam of light. Due to its high energy, the excess melanin is broken down and dispersed by the natural immune system in the skin. As a result, healthier and brighter skin appears. The regenerated skin is flawless. This treatment is also known as laser peel or lasabrasion. The laser treatment helps in effectively reducing concerns like skin pigmentation, dark spots, sun tanning, dull skin etc.
Skin Lightening Injections –
Skin whitening injections use glutathione, a skin lightening agent. This stops the production of an enzyme called tyrosinase, which is involved in making melanin in the body. As per popular belief, these injections can detoxify the body, protect the skin from harmful UV rays and promote fair skin tone. The “Natural Medicine Comprehensive Database” has classified the use of this injection in the “possibly safe” category, though it does not comment on the effectiveness of a glutathione injection as a skin-lightening agent. Some studies suggest a high dosage of glutathione is unsafe and may cause severe side effects. Good evidence-based studies are needed to ascertain the results of glutathione.
Although, you can find these injections may be available in selected skin clinics. However, proper research must be done before choosing this option.
Skin Lightening Products –
You can find a wide range of chemical and lightening products in the market. Most of these products have materials like azelaic acid, arbutin, retinol, hydroquinone, glycolic acid,lactic acid and kojic acid, etc. Some of these ingredients are popular for their bleaching properties. Although these products might lighten your skin immediately but will not offer lasting results and might come with some side effects due to chemicals used in skin bleaching products. These are also not feasible for long term use.
While most of these products can be bought from any pharmacist, you should visit a dermatologist to be prescribed products, which are ideal for your skin. This is essential, as a dermatologist would suggest the right product in best concentration thereby avoiding any adverse events. These skin lightening products are not suitable for pregnant women and lactating mothers.
Other Treatments To Whiten Your Skin are as follows :
There are also dedicated anti-pigmentation treatments that one can try.
Arbutin is a popular ingredient in many skin lightening products and anti-pigmentation solutions. It is extremely beneficial to reduce freckles,stretch marks, lighten the colour of the skin as well as aging spots.
Skin Whitening Surgery –
Today, there is a massive interest in availing medically invasive procedures to treat pigmentary concerns. However, “skin whitening surgeries” do not exist. Most of the skin lightening treatments like laser toning and chemical peels are safe, effective, non-invasive and in-clinic procedures that require no hospitalisation and are done by experienced and qualified dermatologists.
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